This section is dedicated to only one chapter in the New Testament, 1 Corinthians chapter 12. Here we will further prove that the Holy Spirit is separate from the Father, yet one in unity with him and with his Son Jesus Christ. I have seen this chapter greatly misinterpreted by those who are against our position, so I decided to add it within this article. We will share our thoughts, and let you judge for yourself.
In the context of this chapter, Paul is speaking about the various gifts the Holy Spirit gives to God's people within the church. Yet within this context, he uses the Godhead to help them understand this work. Notice:
1 Corinthians 12:4-6
(4) Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
(5) And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.
(6) And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.
In each verse, we have each member of the Godhead. Each is "the same." We have, the Spirit, the Lord whom we know is Jesus Christ, and God the Father. Verse 6 tells us that it is God who is "active" (per the Greek word translated "worketh") in all things. But it's the Spirit which causes the "effect" (different Greek word translated "working" with different meaning) of these gifts in verse 10. Look at verse 11 closely:
1 Corinthians 12:11
(11) But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.
The word "one" is that Greek numeral/singular word again, which means just that... one. So there is one Spirit. Then it says he is the "selfsame" Spirit. There is a reason why it reads... self-same. Because he is him-self that same Spirit. The Greek word translated "selfsame" is a pronoun which includes the word "self" in its definition. Now its not always translated him-self in scripture, but in this verse the word "self" is very significant. Why? Because of how the verse ends:
"... dividing to every man severally as he will." -verse 11.
The Greek word translated "severally" means "pertaining to one's self" according to Thayer's Greek Definitions. It's translated "own" 76 times in the New Testament, privately 8 times, and apart 7 times. Then the verse ends with the words "as he will." Saw what just happened? The Holy Spirit him-self separates the gifts to God's people as he wills. He has his own will of doing this work. What does God do? The answer to this will come shortly. Let's keep reading:
1 Corinthians 12:12
(12) For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.
Note how Paul explains the gifts that each individual member of the church can possess. He says that as the body has many members, yet is ONE body, so it is with Christ! Compare this last part to the following verse:
(9) For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
See, in Christ dwells all the fulness of the Godhead. In Christ dwells both the Father (John 14:10) and the Holy Spirit. So as there are many in the body... there are many, or more then one, in Christ. Though as the body is ONE, so Christ, the Father and the Holy Spirit is one!
The concept that each part of the body has a function applies equally to the heavenly trio as well. Christ, we know, provides for us grace (see 2 Corinthians 12:9). The Holy Spirit does not only provide Comfort, as does the Father and the Son, he also is the one who spiritually baptizes us into the church, according to the next verse:
1 Corinthians 12:13
(13) For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
God the Father is the one who places the people into the body of Christ:
1 Corinthians 12:18
(18) But now hath God set (Greek: places) the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him.
Compare with verse 24, which says that God "tempered" the body "together..." Tempered means to "combine" in the Greek. God places the people in the church, and combines them, allowing the Holy Spirit to effect the gifts of the Spirit through them. Just as the body has many parts, but all work together, and just as the church has many people yet all are combined and work together, so also IN CHRIST (verse 12) the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit, each being "many" combine themselves and work "together" for the salvation of the benefit of the church!
I don't believe there would have been a better way for Paul to teach them about the gifts of the Spirit except in this manner.
Is the Comforter Jesus Christ himself?